Karl Landsteiner Biography - Blood Groups

Biografia Karl Landsteiner Biography - Blood GroupsKarl Landsteiner was an Austrian biologist and physician. He is known as the first differentiating blood groups in 1900, developed the modern classification system of identification of the presence of blood group agglutinins in the blood, and after identifying shared Alexander S. Wiener find Rhesus factor in 1937. Penbemuannya allows the doctor for blood transfusions without endangering the lives of patients , By Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus in 1909. In 1930 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was awarded the Lasker Award in 1946 and is recognized as the father of transfusion medicine. 카를 란트슈타이너 - カール ラントシュタイナー คาร์ล แลนด์สไตเนอร์

Karl Landsteiner was born on June 14, 1868 in Baden bei Wien, near Vienna, Austria-Hungary. father named Leopold (1818-1875), a renowned Viennese journalist who is the editor-in-chief of Die Presse, died at the age of 56 years when Karl was 6 years old. This led to a close relationship between Landsteiner and his mother, Fanny (née Hess; 1837-1908). Landsteiner married to Helen Wlasto in 1916. Before we got married, he was the son of a former judge who is also well-known journalist. He was educated in medicine at the University of Vienna. His interest in the treatment has been felt since school. Until 1891, he published a study paper on effects of diet on the composition of the blood. To deepen his knowledge in the field of chemistry, Lansteiner continue his studies in Zurich and also in Munich for five years. Karl Landsteiner died on June 26, 1943 (age 75) in New York City after a heart attack.

Biografia Karl Landsteiner Biography - Blood GroupsAfter graduating with a Matura exam from a Vienna high school, she studied medicine at the University of Vienna and wrote his doctoral thesis in 1891. While still a student he published an essay on the influence of diet on the composition of the blood. From 1891-1893, Landsteiner studied chemistry in Würzburg under the guidance of Hermann Emil Fischer, in Munich under Eugen Bamberger and in Zürich under Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch. Prof. Landsteiner must constantly endure hardship in Europe until he was invited to accept a position at the Rockefeller Institute in the United States, where he can do scientific research. After returning to Vienna he became assistant to Max von Gruber in the Hygiene Institute. In his study he concentrated on the mechanisms of immunity and antibody properties. From November 1897-1908 Landsteiner was an assistant at the pathological-anatomical institute of the University of Vienna under Anton Weichselbaum, in which he published 75 papers dealing with issues in serology, bacteriology, virology and pathological anatomy. In addition he conducted 3,600 autopsies in ten years.

Weichselbaum is a qualified teacher Landsteiner for his postdoctoral lecture in 1903. From 1908 to 1920 Landsteiner was Prosector in Wilhelminenspital in Vienna and in 1911 he was appointed professor of pathological anatomy. During that time he discovered - in cooperation with Erwin Popper - infectious character of Poliomyelitis and isolated the polio virus. In recognition of this groundbreaking discovery, which proved to be the basis for the fight against polio, he was posthumously inducted into the Hall of Fame Polio in Warm Springs, Georgia, which was dedicated in January 1958. In 1900 Karl Landsteiner discovered that blood clumping two people in contact, and in 1901 he found that this effect is caused by blood contact with blood serum. As a result he was able to identify three blood groups A, B and O, which he called C, human blood. 카를 란트슈타이너 - カール ラントシュタイナー คาร์ล แลนด์สไตเนอร์

Biografia Karl Landsteiner Biography - Blood GroupsLandsteiner also discovered that blood transfusions between people with the same blood type does not cause damage to blood cells. Based on the findings, in 1907 the first successful blood transfusion performed by Reuben Ottenberg at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. Karl Landsteiner discovered the system Rh blood group system in 1939. The system is based on blood type rhesus blood is inspired classification of primates Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). These primates also known as monkey India. In his research, Karl Landsteiner aided by U.S. Weiner. 카를 란트슈타이너 - カール ラントシュタイナー คาร์ล แลนด์สไตเนอร์

blood classification system is based on the presence or absence aglutinogen (compound into a blood-clotting factors) rhesus in the blood. In a system of rhesus (rh) if such person has aglutinogen rhesus then that person is included in the class of rhesus positive (rh +). However, if the person does not have aglutinogen rhesus, then that person is included in the group of negative rhesus (Rh). Blood classification system is useful to assist blood transfusion. If a blood transfusion from someone with blood type rhesus positive to people who are rhesus negative blood type, there will be a stimulus for the formation of Rh antibodies. When the recipients get a blood transfusion with the group again rhesus positive, it will happen hemagglutination (blood clotting), which resulted in death.

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